This post was written by Martha Stone and highlights new titles added to Treadwell's collection in July.
A title in the Methods in molecular biology series, this volume’s contributors and editors come from a wide variety of medical, academic and scientific institutions worldwide. The book’s back cover blurb states that “epigenetic regulation plays an important role in normal development and maintenance of tissue specific genes expression in humans and the disturbance of these patterns lead to changes involved in tumor formation.” The contributors to this book “reviewed the epigenetics changes in different tumor types and described several technologies that are currently available to detect epigenetics changes.” The book is in 5 parts and 28 chapters. They are: Epigenetic markers of early tumor development -- Epigenetics of solid cancer stem cells -- DNA methylation and histone modifications in breast cancer -- DNA methylation changes in prostate cancer -- DNA methylation in promoter region as biomarkers in prostate cancer -- Epigenetics of bladder cancer -- Epigenetics in myeloid malignancies -- The epigenetics of brain tumors -- DNA methylation changes in cervical cancers -- Epigenetics of colon cancer -- Promoter methylation in head and neck tumorigenesis -- Epigenome and DNA methylation in oral squamous cell carcinoma -- Clinical implications of epigenetic alterations in human thoracic malignancies : epigenetic alterations in lung cancer -- The role of microRNAs in the management of liver cancer -- Epigenetics in ovarian cancer -- DNA methylation in pancreatic cancer : protocols for the isolation of DNA and bisulfite modification -- Detection and analysis of DNA methylation by pyrosequencing -- Screening for miRNA expression changes using quantitative PCR (Q-PCR) -- Genome-wide methylation analysis -- Microarray for epigenetic changes : gene expression arrays -- Detecting DNA methylation using the methylated CpG island amplification and microarray technique -- Nutrigenomics : implications for breast and colon cancer prevention -- Dietary and lifestyle factors of DNA methylation -- Diet, epigenetics, and cancer -- Role of epigenetics in cancer health disparities -- Multifactorial etiology of gastric cancer -- Epigenetic epidemiology for cancer risk : harnessing germline epigenetic variation -- Epigenetic biomarkers in cancer epidemiology.
A title in the Essential Public Health series, this book, written by an associate professor at GWU, is aimed at students of public health. As per the back cover blurb, it “introduces the concept of culture as a framework for understanding human behavior and health” and covers ethnomedicine, psychology, mental and emotion health using “real-world examples of domestic and global health issues.” The book, which has many images and tables, is in 3 sections and 12 chapters. They are: Culture and the human condition: an introduction -- There is health, and there is health ... (Laura Smith encounters a situation) -- Starting point: defining culture, defining health -- Tools and perspectives for understanding the relationship between culture and health -- Ethnomedicine I: cultural health systems of related knowledge and practice -- Ethnomedicine II: cultural systems of psychology and mental/emotional health -- Moral dimension: the relationship of etiology to morality in cultural beliefs and practices related to health -- Culture, healers, and the institutions of health -- Sociocultural ecologies of disease and illness -- Culture, subculture, and constructions of health risk -- Applying concepts of cultural diversity to health promotion -- Dimensions of culture in a sampling of current public health challenges -- Primer on research strategies to obtain cultural information -- Incorporating cultural knowledge in health promotion interventions, with selected examples -- Wrapping up: being culturally competent.
Written by a nursing professor for health care providers, this book is designed, states the Preface, “to walk the reader through empirically proven theoretical educational, psychological, and behavioral theories and neurocognitive science of learning, which serve as the foundational support for the Medagogy structure.” The books sections and chapters are: Section I. Shifting the Focus to the Patient: 1. The Problem of Health Literacy; 2. The Patient's Perspective; 3. Education Theory -- Section II. Effective Teaching and Learning: 4. Information Exchange; 5. The Science and Theories of Learning; 6. Health Promotion Theories -- Section III. Patient Knowledge: 7. Patient Learning; 8. The Brain and Memory -- Section IV. Information Delivery Methodology: 9. The PITS Model; 10. The Medagogy Conceptual Framework; 11. The UPP Tool : Assessing Patient Knowledge.
Written by emeritus and assistant professors, respectively, from SUNY-Buffalo, this comes 5 years after the previous edition. As the Preface states, the book’s emphasis is on a “clinical approach to diagnosis, rather than one that relies largely on diagnostic studies.” Each of the 36 chapters has been revised “to include new information, with an emphasis on the latest clinical and diagnostic studies.” Chapters are: Abdominal pain in adults -- Abdominal pain in children -- Backache -- Belching, bloating, and flatulence -- Breast lumps -- Chest pain -- Colds, flu and stuffy nose -- Constipation -- Cough -- Diarrhea -- Dizziness/lightheadedness and vertigo -- Earache -- Facial pain -- Fatigue -- Fever -- Forgetfulness -- Headache -- Heartburn, indigestion, and dyspepsia -- Insomnia -- Menstrual irregularities -- Menstrual pain -- Nausea and/or vomiting without abdominal pain -- Pain in the foot -- Pain in the lower extremity in adults -- Pain in the lower extremity and limping in children -- Pain in the upper extremity -- Palpations -- Shortness of breath -- Skin problems -- Sore throat -- Swelling of the legs -- Urethral discharge and dysuria -- Vaginal discharge and itching -- Vision problems and other common eye problems -- Voiding disorders and incontinence -- Weight gain and weight loss.
A revised edition of Patient-centered interviewing : an evidence-based method, 2002, this book presents, as the back cover blurb states, “a step-by-step methodology for mastering every aspect of the medical interview” from biomedical facts to personal information, allowing the user “to make precise diagnoses, develop effective treatment plans, and forge strong clinician-patient relationships.” The publisher also states that this is the “most evidence-based guide available on the topic.” The book’s chapters and appendices are: 1. Interviewing 2. Facilitating Skills 3. Patient-Centered Interviewing 4. Symptom-Defining Skills 5. Doctor-Centered Interviewing 6. Advanced Interviewing : Adapting the Interview to Different Situations and Other Practical Issues 7. Advanced Interviewing : The Provider-Patient Relationship 8. Summarizing and Presenting the Patient's Story 9. Patient Education Appendix A. Research Report from the Annals of Internal Medicine : Academia and Clinic Appendix B. Foreword to the First Edition Appendix C. Examples of Emotions Appendix D. Complete Write-Up of Mrs. Jones' Initial Evaluation Subject Index.
The author is director of Palliative Medicine at Dartmouth-Hitchcock; this book is a collection of real-life vignettes about patients of all ages and diagnoses and of their health care providers who “can profoundly shape families’ experiences of illness, caregiving and loss, and how by helping people feel better, palliative care can actually help them live longer” (as per the book’s website.) It is in 5 parts and 10 chapters. They are: Pt. 1. The best care possible. The best care possible -- pt. 2. Life-and-death decisions. Between Scylla and Charybdis, a rock and a hard place, and the Devil and the deep blue sea ; Balancing acts: weighing potential benefits against risks and burdens -- pt. 3. Palliative care: completing the therapeutic continuum. Palliative care: a surprising new specialty (Hint: it's not just for dying) ; Morbidity and mortality -- pt. 4. Real doctoring for the twenty-first century. What are doctors for? ; The busy day that Sharon died -- pt. 5. Transforming medicine and society. Fixing health care ; Imagining a care-full society ; Standing on common high ground.
The author, an expert in the field, is a professor at U-Rochester (NY) Medical Center. The back cover burb states that this book “examines how assistive and cognitive support technologies are being harnessed to provide assistance for thinking, remembering and learning” using real-life situations. It also provides information about how to “select the most appropriate technologies” and is aimed at practitioners, users of assistive technologies, their families, and their caregivers. The 11 chapters are: The aging brain, when the mind dissolves -- The brain born with a disability, when the mind grows -- How the brain works -- Treatment and rehabilitation practices : intervening in cognitive disability -- The potential of technology to assist individuals with cognitive disabilities -- Assistive technologies for mobility, communication, seeing, hearing, and activities of daily living -- Assistive technologies for cognition -- Environmental barriers and enablers -- Getting support and services -- Matching person and technology -- The future is bright, but there are challenges.
Coming 5 years after the previous edition, this major textbook by nationally known experts in the field (professors at UC-Irvine and MUSC-Charleston, respectively). Associate editors and contributors come from a variety of major American institutions. The Preface states that this new edition includes “some topics” not previously found in earlier editions, and an expansion of other areas. These include: “new guidelines for managing the dying patient; current management and reporting guidelines for cervical and vulvar cancer [and] breast cancer; expanded discussion on the basic principles of genetic alterations in cancer; techniques for laparoscopic surgery in treatment of gynecologic cancers; and new information on breast, cervical, and colon cancer screenings and detection.” There are 23 chapters. They are: Preinvasive disease of the cervix -- Preinvasive disease of the vagina and vulva and related disorders -- Invasive cervical cancer -- Endometrial hyperplasia, estrogen therapy, and the prevention of endometrial cancer -- Adenocarcinoma of the uterine corpus -- Sarcoma of the uterus -- Gestational trophoblastic disease -- Invasive cancer of the vulva -- Invasive cancer of the vagina -- The adnexal mass -- Epithelial ovarian cancer -- Germ cell, stromal, and other ovarian tumors -- Fallopian tube cancer -- Breast diseases -- Cancer in pregnancy -- Complications of disease and therapy -- Basic principles of chemotherapy -- Targeted therapy and molecular genetics -- Genes and cancer : genetic counseling and clinical management -- Palliative care and quality of life -- Role of minimally invasive surgery in gynecologic malignancies -- Epidemiology of commonly used statistical terms and analysis of clinical studies -- Basic principles in gynecologic radiotherapy
Edited by, respectively, a UK professor and a Dutch scientist, and with contributors from a variety of institutions in the UK and the Netherlands, this book, states the publisher’s website, “outlines the steps a writer needs to go through in creating successful materials. Starting with an understanding of how people read and process information and how behaviour is influenced, the book then covers the practicalities of choosing an approach, message framing, text design and layout, using graphics, and computer tailoring.” The book’s 11 chapters are: Introduction : steps towards writing effective educational text -- Designing easy-to-read text -- Making written materials easy to understand -- Making written materials easy to use -- Using graphics effectively in text -- Developing evidence-based content for health promotion materials -- Mapping change mechanisms onto behaviour change techniques : a systematic approach to promoting behaviour change through text -- Planning to frighten people? Think again! -- Message framing -- Computer-tailoring of health promotion messages -- Conclusions and recommendations.
Selected new eBook acquisition:
The publisher’s description state that this book, which comes 6 years after the previous edition, “is an ideal way to prepare for the USMLE Step I.” The Preface states that the book “is designed to provide a comprehensive review of medical physiology through multiple-choice questions and explanations of the answers. […] The questions and answers in this review are based on Guyton and Hall’s Textbook of Medical Physiology, twelfth edition (TMP 12).” (Treadwell Book Stacks, call # QT 104 G992t 2011).
Copyright© 2012 Treadwell Library MGH